His Bhoodan Gift of the Land movement started on April 18, attracted the attention of the world. He was the son of Narhari Shambhurao, a textile technologist, and Rukminidevi, a devout lady. Vinayak Narahari Bhave father was very scrupulous, methodical and disciplined in his behaviour Of his parents five children, Vinayak, as Vinoba was known in his childhood, was the eldest. Vinayak was greatly influenced by him. On important festivals, Shambhurao threw the temple open even to the Harijans of the town, which required a good deal of courage during those days. Moreover, he was quite a magnanimous person, and, being a renowned vaidya, It is used to treat his patients free of charge, having renounced his family at the age of
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And yet, I have found a living person who follows the philosophy of Gita in his own life. He is my master and lives in an Ashram on the banks of Sabarmati river in Gujarat" said Vinoba Bhave, while concluding his fiftieth talk on Gita. Perhaps these were the apt words in which a disciple could pay tribute to his master.
Being a student of mathematics and also having a scientific temperament, he knew the worth and significance of the word as a medium of expression. His estimation of Mahatma Gandhi was as good as any judicious person could give. Not only does it shed proper light on the character of the Mahatma, but also speaks volumes on the character of his follower. Vinayak was only 20 when he came to Kochrab Ashram on 7 June from Kashi, where he had gone to study Sanskrit.
The young man who had gone all the way from Baroda to Kashi to quench his thirst for learning, suddenly left Kashi and turned up at the doors of the Ashram. On reaching the Ashram, Vinoba was taken to the kitchen where Gandhi was cleaning and cutting vegetables for the meals. The first conversation continued between them while Gandhi was actually engaged in his daily routine. He welcomed the young man and offered him full membership of the Ashram. After joining the Ashram, Vinoba conformed to its rigorous and austere life.
He worked in the kitchen, in the workshop and in the garden like any other inmate. It was only then that the inhabitants discovered that the new entrant was a profound scholar of Sanskrit and the religious scriptures.
It is interesting to know that Mama Phadke, an inmate of the Ashram from Maharashtra, was the first to name Vinayak as Vinoba, in the saintly tradition of Maharashtra. In the following days Gandhi and Vinoba worked together grinding corn, cleaning toilets and studying the philosophy of Gita and Upanishads.
Some time later, Gandhi described Vinoba to C G Andrews as "one of the few pearls in the Ashram, who came there not to be blessed, but to bless it". But Vinoba in all humility tried to reduce himself to a zero. It was an early ambition of mine to distinguish myself, by some violent deed, in the service of my country. But Bapu cured me of that ambition. It is he who had extinguished the volcano of anger and other passions in me.
I have been progressing every day of my life in the Ashram. Also there was an inner longing to visit Bengal. But neither of the two dreams could be realized. Providence took me to Gandhi and I found in him not only the peace of the Himalayas but also the burning fervour of revolution typical of Bengal. I said to myself that both my desires had been fulfilled. From there he swam back to the Ashram.
Kakasaheb Kalelkar has also narrated another incident of similar nature. Once he and Vinoba had gone to a neighbouring village and were returning in the evening along the railway line, and as they were crossing the railway, bridge they heard the sound of an approaching train behind them. There was no railing or foot-path on either side of the bridge. Kakasaheb got scared and started running over the bridge on the wooden planks with gaps in between.
Vinoba had weak eyesight so he could not see the gaping gaps between the planks. He too started running after Kakasaheb.. The slightest mistake on his part would have thrown him down into the gushing river below. But mathematics came to his succour and he negotiated the planks with arithmetical accuracy even without seeing them.
The engine was only a few yards behind. Kakasaheb had already crossed the other end of the bridge but Vinoba was still running.
Seeing that Kakasaheb shouted: "Vinoba, jump to the left. Vinoba had a narrow escape. When Gandhi learnt of this incident, he advised Vinoba to wear glasses in order to stop further deterioration of his eye sight.
In his Ashram life, Vinoba did not rest for a minute during the day. He not only looked after the boys in the hostel and taught various subjects to the students of the Rashtriya Shala, but also spent a few hours in spinning, weaving, cooking, grinding, and preparing the fields with pick-axe for cultivation. Even while teaching, Vinoba exerted all his energy and would even perspire. Whatever he did was done with his whole being. In , Jamnalal Bajaj came in contact with Gandhi.
He was anxious about starting a similar type of Ashram at Wardha, and requested Gandhi to shift there with other inmates. That was not possible at that time. Maganlal Gandhi was against the proposal, but Bapu prevailed upon him. Vinoba agreed to go to Wardha with a few chosen colleagues and pupils. His father Narhari Shambhurao was in government service at Baroda. His mother Rukminibai was a devout lady. She led a life of simplicity and self-restraint, and observed religious vows with regularity.
She had unlimited confidence in my capacity. That living faith of hers gave me immense strength". One comes but rarely across a man who combines the three qualities with such distinction. In October , Gandhi selected Vinoba Bhave as the first Satyagrahi-civil resister-for the individual Satyagraha against the British, and Jawaharlal Nehru was the second.
Gandhi personally went to Pavnar Ashram to seek his consent. During the talk Gandhi expressed his desire to see Vinoba free from the rest of his activities for the Satyagraha. He said: "I carry no load on my head.
I am as prepared to obey your call, here and now, even as I would be, if the Yamaraj-God of death-had sent for me. He introduced Vinoba in the following words: Who is Vinoba Bhave and why has he been selected for offering individual civil disobedience? He is an under-graduate, having left college after my return to India in He is a sanskrit scholar.
He joined the Ashram almost at its inception And practically at the same hour at which he had left the Ashram a year before, he walked into it without notice. I had forgotten that he was due to arrive that day. He had taken part in every menial activity of the Ashram from scavenging to cooking.
Though he has a marvellous memory and is a student by nature, he has devoted the largest part of his time to spinning in which he had specialized as very few have. He believes in universal spinning being the central activity which will remove the poverty in the villages and put life into their deadness. Being a born teacher, he has been of the utmost assistance to Ashadevi Aryanayakam of Hindustani Talimi Sangh.
Sri Vinoba had produced a textbook, taking spinning as the handicraft. He has made scoffers realize that spin ning is the handicraft par excellence which lends itself to being effectively used for basic education.
He had revolutionised Takli spinning and drawn out its hither to unknown possibilities. For perfect spinning, probably, he had no rival in all India.
He has abolished every trace of untouchability from his heart. He believes in communal unity with the same passion that I have. In order to know Islam, he gave one year to the study of the Koran in the original. He, therefore, learned Arabic. He has an army of disciples and workers, who would rise to any sacrifice at his bidding. He is respon sible for producing a young man who has dedicated himself to the service of the lepers. Vinoba was for years director of the Mahila Ashram in Wardha.
His devotion to the cause of Daridranarayan took him to a village near Wardha Vinoba believes in the necessity of the political independence of India. He is an accurate student of history. But he believes that real independence of the villagers is impossible without the constructive programme of which Khadi is the centre.
He believes that the spinning wheel is the most suitable outward symbol of non-violence which has become an integral part in the previous Satyagraha campaigns.
He has never been in the limelight on the political platform. With many co-workers he believes that silent constructive work with civil disobedience in the background is far more effective than the already heavily crowded political platform.
And he thoroughly believes that non violent resistance is impossible without a hearty belief in and practice of constructive work. But this was not the first time when Gandhi had talked or written about Vinoba.
As early as June , he had informed his father at Baroda in the course of a brief letter: "Your son Vinoba is with me. He has acquired at so tender an age such high-spiritedness and ascetism as took me years of patient labour to do.
During his incarcera tion he wrote the Swaraj Shastra or A Grammar of Politics, which is ranked among the very few original treatises on politics. In Vinoba was again put behind bars on the very first day of the Quit India movement. He was kept under detention for three years, first at the Vellore Central Prison and later at the Seoni Jail. On his release in Vinoba returned to his Pavnar Ashram and carried on his constructive work.
In early March, after the martyrdom of Mahatma Gandhi on 30 January , an all-India conference was convened at Sevagram. He also toured other parts of the country to spread the message of love, compassion and sympathy.
Usha Thakkar Vinoba stands as a symbol for the struggle of the good against the evil, of spiritual against the mundane. He was a spiritual visionary, whose spirituality had a pragmatic stance with intense concern for the deprived. He was a brilliant scholar who could knowledge accessible to ordinary people. Radhakrishnan pointed out, "Indeed his life represents harmonious blend of learning, spiritual perception and compassion for the lowly and the lost. Untouched by publicity and attention, Vinoba had continued his efforts for a just and equitable society. In fact, his life is a saga of his commitment to nonviolent ways of bringing change, his yearning for the highest level of spirituality and his unwavering faith in human values and love. Vinoba was born in a Brahmin family on September 11, at the village of Gagoda in Kolaba district of Maharashtra.
अहिंसावादी स्वतंत्रता सेनानी और महान समाज सुधारक – आचार्य विनोबा भावे
And yet, I have found a living person who follows the philosophy of Gita in his own life. He is my master and lives in an Ashram on the banks of Sabarmati river in Gujarat" said Vinoba Bhave, while concluding his fiftieth talk on Gita. Perhaps these were the apt words in which a disciple could pay tribute to his master. Being a student of mathematics and also having a scientific temperament, he knew the worth and significance of the word as a medium of expression. His estimation of Mahatma Gandhi was as good as any judicious person could give. Not only does it shed proper light on the character of the Mahatma, but also speaks volumes on the character of his follower.
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