Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word Afrocentrism. Wiktionary 0. The adjective Afrocentric dates to the early s; Freebase 0. It is a response to global racist attitudes about African people and their historical contributions and revisits their history with an African cultural and ideological focus. Afrocentricity deals primarily with self-determination and African agency and is a Pan-African ideology in culture, philosophy, and history.
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See Article History Alternative Title: Africentrism Afrocentrism, also called Africentrism, cultural and political movement whose mainly African American adherents regard themselves and all other blacks as syncretic Africans and believe that their worldview should positively reflect traditional African values.
The terms Afrocentrism, Afrocology, and Afrocentricity were coined in the s by the African American scholar and activist Molefi Asante. Beliefs Afrocentrism argues that for centuries Africans and other nonwhites have been dominated, through slavery and colonization, by Europeans, and that European culture is at best irrelevant—and at worst diametrically opposed—to efforts by non-Europeans to achieve self-determination.
For this reason, according to Afrocentrism, people of African descent need to develop an appreciation of the achievements of traditional African civilizations; indeed, they need to articulate their own history and their own system of values.
According to Afrocentrism, African history and culture began in ancient Egypt , which was the birthplace of world civilization. Egypt presided over a unified black Africa until its ideas and technologies were stolen and its record of accomplishments obscured by Europeans. Renewed attention to this culture, they argue, can benefit African Americans psychologically by reminding them that their own culture, which was long devalued by Americans of European descent , has a rich and ancient heritage.
In addition to emphasizing the past, Afrocentrism encourages the preservation and elevation of contemporary African American culture as manifested in language, cuisine, music, dance, and clothing. History Afrocentrism was influenced by several earlier black nationalist movements, including Ethiopianism and Pan-Africanism. The latter became a major presence in the United States and elsewhere with the emergence of the Jamaican activist Marcus Garvey , who promoted the idea of an African diaspora and called for a separate African state for black Americans.
Du Bois , who helped to found the integration-minded National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in , was also interested in Pan-Africanism and organized world conferences on the subject from to Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription.
Woodson , who emphasized the teaching of African history as a way of counteracting feelings of inferiority inculcated in black Americans through centuries of subordination by whites. Afrocentrism gained significant legitimacy in the United States from the s as a result of the civil rights movement , the multicultural movement, and the immigration of large numbers of nonwhites.
Since that time, Afrocentrism has encountered significant opposition from mainstream scholars who charge it with historical inaccuracy, scholarly ineptitude , and racism. Public disputes between Lefkowitz and Afrocentrist Tony Martin created strife between black and Jewish intellectuals and made Afrocentrism vulnerable to charges of anti-Semitism.
Afrocentrism unknown Afrocentrism is a set of beliefs that depicts ancient African achievement as the driver and foundation for modern philosophical thoughts and technologies. Afrocentrism verges on being classified as a religious faith because of the required suspension of skepticism and the irrelevance of empirical evidence. Afrocentrism is a backlash against the pervasive and powerful negative images of black African people that exist in the world today. These images arise from the countries, regions and cities that are dominated by blacks, each one being mired in poverty, violence, AIDS, famine and in constant need of support from other countries or other races. Without words, these images stir up powerful needs among blacks to imagine a glorious past where they were once the center of the world and looked down upon everyone else. To conduct Afrocentric research, one simply searches for evidence that could be interpreted as blacks ruling over others or inventing things.
Du Bois. Afrocentrists led by Molefe Asante have organised their critics into three categories, Capitulationists, Europeanised Loyalists, and Maskers. They include amongst black scholars Anthony Appiah and Stanley Crouch. The functioning element for these critics is self-hatred, accompanied by the belief that these African critics are really nothing but whites in black skin. Their rejection of Afrocentricity is tied to their rejection of themselves. Europeanised Loyalists include many Marxists and integrationists such as Mary Lefkowitz, Stanley Crouch , and Wilson Moses staunch critics of Afrocentricity , who believe that blacks can do no good.