With only a bachelors degree and his independent psychology practice, he went on to achieve a significant founding role in behavior therapy. Using his clinical experiences in a heuristic fashion, Salter went on to publish two other books that form the basis of behavior therapy today, Conditioned Reflex Therapy and The Case Against Psychoanalysis These works occupy an honored place for those with an appreciation of history in clinical psychology, psychiatry, and especially behavior therapy. At the time these works were published, it was not fashionable indeed, it was downright risky- to critique psychoanalysis or to propose that clinical interventions could be based on experimental data. Salter thus courageously and successfully challenged the establishment and articulated a vision and a set of techniques that have become so widely accepted and applied that he is often not formally cited.
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He was a genius who was fluent in seven languages. Criticism of Psychoanalysis Edit Salter was the first nationally recognized opponent of psychoanalysis. He was a dedicated critic of Freud. His book "The Case Against Psychoanalysis" was so controversial that the New York Times gave it two reviews, one extremely positive and one extremely negative.
Salter proclaimed in this post-war tome, "psychoanalysis has outlived its usefulness. In the conditioned reflex , he has seen the essence of hypnosis.
He gave a rebirth to hypnotism by combining it with classical conditioning. Andrew Salter was and remains the most passionate opponent of Classical Freudian Psychoanalysis and believed that A. Salter is considered by many to be the "father of behavior therapy". Salter is certainly one of the first psychotherapists who adapted and applied learning theories to clinical practice.
Salter believed in releasing personal "inhibitions" by practicing techniques leading to what he called "excitation" which results in "disinhibition", a state which he described as akin to being slightly drunk. Chapter 8 in "Conditioned Reflex Therapy" contains all of the "exercises" like the deliberate use of the word "I" leading to a state of excitation.
Today, excitation, a term from the Pavlovian lexicon, might be referred to as a combination of "assertion" and "disinhibition". Informative, entertaining and well worth reading. Salter was a serious writer with a great sense of humor and irony. Assertiveness Edit Salter is often considered to be the founder of assertiveness training, although he did not use the term himself.
His book Conditioned Reflex Therapy describes many case studies in which he used primitive assertiveness techniques, termed "excitatory exercises", which became the basis of subsequent behavior therapy for assertiveness. After corresponding with Salter, Rodriguez held training sessions on campus in the office of his "Health Sciences Society" organization which he founded in His works remained in print for over 25 years and have been translated in over a dozen languages and his books have won numerous awards.
Salter is survived by his wife, Rhoda; another son, Robert, of Tarrytown, N. Publications Salter, A. Conditioned reflex therapy:The directapproach to the reconstruction of personality. New York:Creative Age press. External links.
Andrew Salter (1914-1996) Founding Behavior Therapist
Salter spoke seven languages fluently[ citation needed ]. He was a dedicated critic of Freud. His book "The Case Against Psychoanalysis" was so controversial that the New York Times gave it two reviews, one extremely positive and one extremely negative. Salter proclaimed in this post-war tome, "psychoanalysis has outlived its usefulness. In the conditioned reflex , he has seen the essence of hypnosis.