These are external links and will open in a new window Close share panel Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionThe chairman of the inquiry, Sir William Gage: "Baha Mousa had been made vulnerable by a range of factors" An Iraqi man died after suffering an "appalling episode of serious gratuitous violence" in a "very serious breach of discipline" by UK soldiers, a year-long inquiry has found. Its chairman, Sir William Gage, blamed "corporate failure" at the Ministry of Defence for the use of banned interrogation methods in Iraq. Baha Mousa died with 93 injuries in British army custody in Basra in Prime Minister David Cameron said such an incident should never happen again. He said such actions would only be used in future to "secure swiftly, in appropriate circumstances, the intelligence that can save lives". Mr Fox added: "What happened to Baha Mousa and his fellow detainees in September was deplorable, shocking and shameful
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Share via Email An unprecedented, two-year public inquiry into the conduct of British soldiers in Iraq is expected to report stinging criticism of senior army officers and their legal advisers, and highlight the failure to pass orders down the chain of command. They are demanding another public inquiry into wider allegations surrounding the abuse of more than Iraqi detainees held near Basra. They are also expected to demand the prosecution of individual soldiers or officials.
Rifles, bayonets and suspected bomb-making equipment were found at the scene but there was no evidence that they had been used against British troops. Mousa died after 36 hours in detention.
A postmortem found he had suffered asphyxiation and at least 93 injuries to his body, including fractured ribs and a broken nose. Jackson described the episode as "a stain on the character of the British army". A seventh, Corporal Donald Payne, who pleaded guilty, was jailed for a year and dismissed from the army.
The court martial judge accused the soldiers of closing ranks, a charge Gage might echo. They were put in stress positions. The inquiry opened in and heard evidence from nearly witnesses. It was told that British troops used interrogation techniques — hooding, deprivation of sleep, food and drink, subjection to noise and wall-standing — outlawed by the UK government in March after an investigation into interrogation in Northern Ireland.
The Gage inquiry heard that senior officers were unaware of the ban and were confused or ignorant of their obligations under domestic and international law. Lieutenant Colonel Nicholas Mercer described the way Iraqi detainees were intimidated and hooded by British soldiers as "repulsive". He said that 10 days after the invasion in March he saw 20 or 30 detainees lined up with sandbags on their heads. He had walked out of a meeting between British officials and the International Committee of the Red Cross after being told by a "political adviser" to keep his mouth shut, he added.
General Sir Peter Wall, head of the army, is also expected to make a statement.
Baha Mousa Inquiry
Share via Email British soldiers inflicted "violent and cowardly" assaults on Iraqi civilians, subjecting them to "gratuitous" kickings and beatings, an inquiry into the death of the detainee Baha Mousa has found. In a devastating indictment of military culture, the retired appeal court judge Sir William Gage ruled that there was widespread ignorance of what was permitted in handling prisoners of war. The events that led to the death of Mousa were "deplorable, shocking and shameful", the defence secretary, Liam Fox, told the Commons. Although Gage did not suggest there had been a policy of systematic abuse towards Iraqi suspects, he deplored the absence of any "proper MoD doctrine on interrogation". The report at the end of the two-year inquiry contains savage criticisms of individual soldiers and officers as well as damning descriptions of poor internal communications, "loss of discipline and a lack of moral courage". He was found to have suffered 93 external injuries. Gage found that even senior commanders were ignorant of a ban imposed in on the use of five techniques, including hooding, stress positions and sleep deprivation.
Q&A: Baha Mousa inquiry