ETAPAS DE PROCHASKA PDF

Estos tres factores son: Los procesos del cambio: lo que la gente piensa y hace para cambiar su conducta. La autoeficacia: La confianza y la capacidad para conseguir el cambio. Este balance entre costos y beneficios puede producir una profunda ambivalencia que puede hacer que la gente se mantenga en este estado durante largos periodos de tiempo. Todas estas actividades pueden ser agrupadas en 10 procesos del cambio. Por ejemplo: Sentirse deprimido porque un amigo ha desarrollado una enfermedad relacionada con el tabaquismo. Por ejemplo: Me doy cuenta de que el asma de mi hija empeora si fumo.

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Se encuentran en una actitud defensiva, evitando hablar o pensar sobre su problema. Simplemente, en esta etapa las ventajas superan a las desventajas a la hora de fumar. El individuo se va desilusionando con sus acciones y como estas van en detrimento de su salud; es consciente de los riesgos pero reacio a cambiar, sopesa los pros y los contras.

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Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: Update. Clinical Practice Guideline. Foss R. Personality, social influence and cigarette smoking. J Health Soc Behav ; 14 3 — Contingency management incentives for sobriety. Population Based Smoking Cessation. Impact of medications on smoking cessation; pp. Hughes JR. Four beliefs that may impede progress in the treatment of smoking. Tobacco Control. Do enhanced friendship networks and active coping mediate the effect of self-help groups on substance abuse?.

Annals of Behavioral Medicine. Lancaster T, Stead LF. Individual behavioural counselling for smoking cessation. The Cochrane Library. Lenio JA. Analysis of the Transtheoretical Model of behavior change.

Journal of Student research. Health Services Research. Motivational Interviewing in Theory and Practice. Digitala Vetenskapliga Arkivet ; :. McNeill A. Guest Editors. Smoking treatment services in England: implementation and outcomes. Coaching behavior change. Coaching: Psychology manual. International journal of environmental research and public health. Self-help quit smoking interventions: effects of self-help materials, social support instructions, and telephone counseling.

Journal of consulting and clinical psychology. The utility of the transtheoretical model of behavior change for HIV risk reduction in injection drug users. In search of how people change: applications to addictive behaviors. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. The transtheoretical approach. Handbook of psychotherapy integration. Behavior change. Population health: creating a culture of wellness. The transtheoretical model of health behavior change. American journal of health promotion.

Prochaska JO. Transtheoretical model of behavior change. InEncyclopedia of behavioral medicine pp. Springer New York. Barriers and motivators to gaining access to smoking cessation services amongst deprived smokers—a qualitative study.

Royal College of Physicians. Nicotine Addition in Britain. Smoking cessation in adolescents: the role of nicotine dependence, stress, and coping methods. Why do smokers try to quit without medication or counselling? A qualitative study with ex-smokers. BMJ open. Stead LF, Lancaster T. Group behaviour therapy programmes for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.

Smoking-related Behaviours And Attitudes Exercise motivation and processes of change in community-dwelling older persons. Journal of Nursing Research. Reducing the health consequences of smoking: 25 years of progress.

A report of the Surgeon General. Rockville MD : U. DHHS Pub. The forgotten smoker: a qualitative study of attitudes towards smoking, quitting, and tobacco control policies among continuing smokers.

BMC public health. Smoking cessation and stress management: applications of the transtheoretical model. Smoking patterns among social contacts of smokers, ex-smokers, and never smokers: the Doctors Helping Smokers Study. Prev Med ; 16 5 — American family physician. Photos Incense smoke 4 by losvizzero.

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