Mexico Profundo : Guillermo Bonfil Batalla : I feel that Mexican society and Chicanos here in the US can learn a lot about Native peoples as a marginalized group, which cannot be ignored. Bandits, Peasants, and Politics Gonzalo Sanchez. Ratings and Reviews 0 0 star ratings 0 reviews. It is imaginary not because it does not exist, but because it denies the cultural reality lived daily by most Mexicans. The Anthropology of Latin America and the Caribbean. May 24, John rated it it was amazing.
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August 22nd, Tags: anthropology , civilization , colonial , culture , domination , mesoamerican , non-Indians , rebellion , religion , spanish , violence , zapatista Buy this Book. Dennis and was published by the University of Texas Press in , with eight paperback printings through According to Bonfil Batalla, Mexico is not a mestizo country.
Their struggle provoked a still-unresolved confrontation with the Mexican government. Their rebellion responds to years of injustice and oppression. In recent years in Chiapas, large cattle ranchers have continued to usurp Indian land, with the support of paid gunmen and the judicial police. Land and wealth and political power in Chiapas are highly concentrated in the hands of the local elite, while the Indian and peasant majority live in extreme poverty.
He and other Mexican anthropologists of the early s concluded that the paternalistic stance of indigenismo obscured the truly multicultural nature of Mexico, and they supported, instead, Indian efforts at self-determination. At this point it is indispensable to return to the origin of this problem, which is none other than the colonial situation from which current Mexican society is derived.
This is a past whose basic, antagonistic duality has not yet been superseded. To the contrary, it is expressed in every facet of national life.
It is an original sin that has not yet been redeemed. This violence — physical, bloody, brutal violence — was not an initial episode; it has been a permanent marker of relations with Indian peoples from the sixteenth century until the present … From the material point of view the violence was imposed by the deadly superiority of Spanish arms and tactics of war … However, arms do not kill by themselves, and those who use them must have motives for killing.
The venturesome conquistadors had a primary motive, which was gold, silver, and quick riches; these would give them the honor they had not achieved in Spain. What is imaginary is Western. They may seem to have little to do with real concrete problems and urgently needed decisions.
Needless to say, this is not the case. Rather, we are dealing with different, inseparable levels of the same reality… It is thus proper to explore briefly some of the concrete actions that would contribute to putting into effect a program of national pluralism.
We should not lose sight of the fact that the program itself, with all its relevant details, by its nature must be constructed with the contributions of the societies that have developed historically in Mexico, with their different cultures. The priority is how to create the conditions for liberating these oppressed cultures.
Their liberation is necessary for them to participate on equal terms, without renouncing their differences, in the design and construction of the new society.
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