Biography[ edit ] Er. He implemented an extremely intricate system of irrigation in Deccan , and had designed and patented a system of automatic weir water floodgates that were first installed in at Khadakvasla Reservoir near Pune. These gates were employed to raise the flood supply level of storage in reservoir to highest level likely to be attained without causing any damage to the dam. In —07, the Government of India sent him to Aden to study water supply and drainage systems.
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Complete biography of Dr. His father Srinivasa Sastry and his mother Venkachamma named him Visvesvaraya. Both he and his wife were good and pious folk who led a very simple life. They were not very well off but both his parents decided to educate the little boy. His father enrolled him in a school in their tiny Taluk itself and Visvesvaraya completed his early education there.
He was a good and a hardworking student and was keenly interested in pursuing his studies. So with his parents consent and blessing he set out to Bangalore in order to go in for higher education when he was around fifteen years old. In Bangalore, he joined the Central College. But alas! His pocket was empty and he had no roof over his head. But this helpless state did not bog Visvesvaraya down.
Instead he started looking for a job that would sustain him and pay for his studies. He found a family from Coorg, who was looking for a tutor for their children. Visvesvaraya, himself a student at that time, became their tutor. He lived with them and earned a few rupees with which he completed his education. As a student he earned every rupee by hard work. All through his student days he worked hard and in a systematic way.
He was an early riser and started his work quite early. Though he was poverty-stricken, he continued to study well and stood high in the B. When he was twenty, he managed to get some help from the Government of Mysore and joined the Science College in Poona to study Engineering. Three years later, by sheer determination and hard work he ranked first in the L.
Examinations these were like the B. Examination of today. As soon as the results were out, the Government of Bombay offered him the post of an Assistant Engineer at Nasik. Visvesvaraya was very happy and he worked hard and excelled in his post. When he was 32 years old, some very difficult work fell to his lot. He was given the task of finding a way of supplying water from the river Sindhu to a town called Sukkur.
He prepared an ingenious plan, which amazed the other famous engineers. Even British officers of those times were astonished by his brains and were full of praise for the invention.
He was promoted to higher places. Here he achieved something that was simply impossible at that time. The river Moosa divided the city of Hyderabad into two. When rains lashed, the river was in floods and the waters of the river poured into many houses, and men and cattle were carried away. Visvesvaraya planned dams to tame the Moosa and also suggested that lovely parks should be laid out on the banks of the river. His resourcefulness earned him the position of a Chief Engineer in Mysore State.
But Visvesvaraya was not just interested in buildings, roads and bridges. He saw that the people of India were then in a miserable condition.
There were very few schools and only six persons out of every hundred could read and write. Many people were just farmers who depended completely on the rains for their food. He saw that ignorance, poverty and sickness plagued the people; and he wanted to bring about change. As a result, very dry lands in parts the country began to smile with plenty. Visvesvaraya continued to be the Chief Engineer of Mysore for three years.
In when he was 51, the Maharaja of Mysore chose Visvesvaraya as his Dewan or his chief minister. Soon after Visvesvaraya became the Dewan, one of his relatives went to him. As the Dewan, he got a car from the Government for his use. He used the Government car for government work and for his private work he used his own car.
Those were days when people had to work by candlelight. He used, for official work, the stationery and the candles supplied by the Government; for his private work he used stationery and candles, which he had bought. He was such an honest man. He wanted to spend some days in Bangalore. The friend wrote to him asking for a house for some days. He thought the Dewan would give him a Government Guest House, free of rent.
The Dewan did give him a Government House; but as long as the friend stayed there, Visvesvaraya himself paid the rent of Rs. He was always neatly dressed and ready for work by seven in the morning. He was known everywhere for his discipline and tidiness. There was not a crease or a wrinkle anywhere on his clothes. Visvesvaraya planned everything smoothly, methodically and without any hurry. Visitors who wished to see him had to write first and he would fix an hour.
He was very strict about the hour fixed and no one could come late. Visvesvaraya always believed in the value of education. When he became the Dewan, there were about 4, schools in Mysore State. In six Years about 6, new school were opened. He also stressed on education for women. He also made arrangements for the government to give scholarships to intelligent students to go to foreign countries for studies.
Visvesvaraya realized that industry was the backbone of a country. So he developed the existing industries. He also got experts from other countries to help by teaching their skills. Thus many new industries came up during his chief minister ship.
He was also the key in the opening of the Bank of Mysore. He also brought in many hotels into Mysore and played a major role in the laying of railway lines.
Visvesvaraya did in six years what many others could not have accomplished in sixty years. But for Visvesvaraya it was no magic. He always believed only in hard work. At first sight every one seems to be working.
But in fact, one-man works and the others watch him. But really only one- man works. One man will be doing nothing. One man will be resting. Another man will be watching them. Yet another man will be helping these three. In those days the Englishmen considered themselves the lords of the country.
The Maharaja of Mysore had the tradition of holding a Durbar during the Dasara festivities every year. On the day of the Durbar, the Europeans were given comfortable chairs but Indians were required to sit on the floor. Visvesvaraya went to the Durbar for the first time in The arrangements pained him. The next year he did not attend the Durbar. When the officers of the palace made enquiries he frankly gave the reason. The very next year all the Europeans and Indians were given chairs.
Following this a British officer wrote a letter to him. He went to the palace in the Government car gave the letter and returned in his own car.
After retirement he went abroad numerous times, for some work or the other. Wherever he went, he had a notebook and a pencil in his hand. He made notes of any new information with which he could help the country.
After his retirement when the Bhadravati Factory was in trouble, he worked as the Chairman giving advice for restoration. At that time, the Government had not decided the salary for him.
It took them some years to do so but by then the Government owed him more than a hundred thousand rupees. Start an institute where boys can learn some profession. In , an association arranged a conference where Visvesvaraya was the Chairman. The Governor of Berar, an Englishman, was to open the conference.
Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya Biography